(Commonly called acne) is a skin disease caused by changes in the pilosebaceous units (skin structures consisting of a hair follicle and it’s associated sebaceous gland). Severe acne is inflammatory, but acne can also manifest in noninflammatory forms. Acne lesions are commonly referred to as pimples, spots, or zits.
Extracts from Aloe Vera are widely used in the cosmetics and alternative medicine industries, being marketed as variously having rejuvenating, healing or soothing properties. Used in products such as makeup, tissues, moisturizers, soaps, sunscreens, razors and shampoos. The benefits of Aloe Vera extend even to stimulating production of collagen and elastin both of which are necessary to prevent aging of the skin. As a moisturizer Aloe Vera is popular as it removes dead cells and aids in the penetration of healthy substances.
Arbutin is a naturally occuring derivative of hydroquinone found in the leaves of cranberry, bearberry and blueberry shrubs,most types of pears and many other plants. Arbutin inhibits melanogenesis by affecting tyrosinase activity and thus prevents the formation of melanin. Arbutin is therefore used as a skin-lightening agent.
Alpha Hydroxy Acids
Often found in products claiming to reduce wrinkles or the signs of aging, and improve the overall look and feel of the skin They are also used as chemical peels available in a dermatologist's office, beauty and health spas and home kits, which usually contain a lower concentration. AHA’s are Glycolic Acid ( from sugar cane ), Lactic Acid ( from sour milk), Malic acid ( from apples ), Citric acid ( from fruits) and Tartaric Acid ( from grape wine).
Apricot kernel oil
Is well suited to skin care, and is often used as a carrier oil. Carrier oils are used as a base for aromatherapy mixtures, or are mixed with other oils to help them spread. Because apricot kernel oil is readily absorbed into the skin without leaving an oily residue behind, it is an excellent choice of carrier oil for all skin types. The ready absorption also makes it a good choice of skin care oil for people with dry skin, while the gentleness of apricot kernel oil makes it mild enough to use on the elderly. For skin nutrition, apricot kernel oil contains the essential fatty acids oleic and linoleic acid. It is also high in vitamins A and E. All of these substances can help to sooth irritated skin while also moisturizing. Regular applications of apricot kernel oil or products containing it can keep skin smooth and flexible. Apricot kernel oil is also used in lotions, creams, and balms, as well as in soaps. It is frequently used in massage oils as well.
Is the trade name for Acetyl Hexapeptide-3, a synthetic anti-aging cosmetic ingredient derived from natural proteins. It is a peptide; a chain made up of amino acids. The functionality of Argireline in skin care products used on the face derives from the fact that it inhibits the reactions that cause the muscles to contract – example smiling or frowning. When we make facial expressions on a regular basis ( eg. Smiling) the repetitive muscle movements create lines or wrinkles. It is this reduction in the muscle movement caused by the Argireline that has been shown to produce the anti-aging effect. The attenuation of muscular contractions can reduce the depth of existing wrinkles.
Arnica ( Arnica Montana ) has been known to be used since the 1500’s. For external use it is often used as first line remedy to soothe muscle aches and to reduce inflammation in sprains and bruises, rheumatic pain, inflammation from insect bites.
Ascorbic Acid ( L-Ascorbic Acid)
Ascorbic acid is water soluble and it’s effectiveness against wrinkles and fine lines is backed by a fair amount of reliable scientific evidence. Due to it’s lack of stability once exposed to air whereby it oxidizes , we have used the more stable forms of Vit C in our formulations ; Magnesium Ascorbyl Phosphate , Ascorbyl Palmitate and Sodium Ascobyl Phosphate.
Is the most widely used fat-soluble derivative of Vitamin C in skin care. It is non-irritating and more stable
Is a chemical that tends to shrink or constrict body tissues, usually locally after topical medicinal application. The word "astringent" derives from Latin “adstringere”, meaning "to bind fast". Two common examples are calamine lotion and witch hazel.
Is a rubefacient – it relives mild pain and itching and creates inflammation and redness when rubbed into skin. It has a cooling effect when applied to the skin.
Chondrus Crispus ( Irish Moss Seaweed)
This extract contains Vit A,B,C and D. Supports the skins natural moisture barrier and enhances the skins ability to retain vital moisture and essential lipids.
Citric Acid is a natural anti-oxidant derived from citrus fruit and is a naturally occuring alph hydroxy acid.Is used in skin care as such and also as an astringent. It is also a natural pH adjuster and often is used as a preservative. Citric Acid,because of its potent antioxidant qualities,helps prevent oxidative damage from sunlight by antioxidant chelation activity in the skin and reduces the visual signs of photoaging.
Is a facial care product that is used to remove make-up, dead skin cells, oil, dirt and other types of pollutants from the skin of the face. This helps to unclog pores and prevent skin conditions such as acne.
Coenzyme 10 / CoQ-10
CoQ-10 is an active anti-aging skin care ingredient that is also known as Coenzyme Q-10 or Ubiquinone. CoQ-10 is a powerful anti-oxidant – thus in skin care it assists in controlling the damaging effects of free radical activity as well as improve skin health.
Is the main protein of connective tissue in animals and the most abundant protein in mammals, along with soft keratin and it is responsible for skin strength and elasticity, and its degradation leads to wrinkles that accompany aging.
Copper Peptide Complex
Copper peptides help activate the natural human biological processes that rebuild and renew skin, nails and hair. Clinical studies have found that copper-peptides to be more effective in restoring the skin’s collagen than Vit C.
A silicone oil used in hair and skin care products to impart shine and/or silkiness.
Involves the removal of the oldest dead skin cells on the skin’s outermost surface, and has been used for many years to help maintain the skin.
The “Fruit Acids’ are also commonly referred to as “Alpha Hydroxy Acids” – Glycolic, Citric, Lactic, Malic, and Tartaric Acid.
Glycolic acid is the smallest alpha-hydroxy acid (AHA). It is colorless and odorless. Due to its excellent capability to penetrate the skin,glycolic acid has a broad use in skin care products,most often as a chemical peel. It is used to improve the skins appearance and texture. It may reduce wrinkles,acne scarring,hyperpigmentation. When it is applied,it reacts with the upper layer of the epidermis,weakening the binding properties of the lipids that hold the dead skin cells together. This allows the outer skin to “dissolve” revealing the underlying skin.
Skin care products containing this substance are often used in conjunction with vitamin C products to assist in effective penetration. Hyaluronic acid is often touted for its ability to “reverse” or stop aging. Hyaluronic acid is a major component of the skin,where it is involved in tissue repair. When skin is excessively exposed to UVB rays, it becomes inflamed (sunburn) and the cells in the dermis stop producing as much Hyaluronic acid. Hyaluronic acid (HA) is a carbohydrate, more specifically a mucopolysaccharide occurring naturally throughout the human body. It can be several thousands of sugars (carbohydrates) long. When not bound to other molecules, it binds to water giving it a stiff viscous quality similar to “Jello”. This viscous Gel is one of the most heavily researched substances in medicine today with thousands of clinical trials mostly in the fields of orthopedics and eye surgery. Its function in the body is, amongst other things, to bind water and to lubricate movable parts of the body, such as joints and muscles. Its consistency and tissue-friendliness allows it to be used in skin-care products as an excellent moisturizer. Hyaluronic acid is one of the most hydrophilic (water-loving) molecules in nature and can be described as “nature’s moisturizer”. Unfortunately, HA also has a half-life (the time it takes for the molecule to get broken down and excreted from the body) of less than 3 days and possibly even as little as one day in the skin. For this reason, it is imperative that the body continually replenish itself with HA.
This is a synthetic product that enhances the spreadability of products and helps to prevent the evaporation of water from the skin.
Is the liquid wax produced in the seed of the Jojoba (Simmondsia chinensis) plant, a shrub native to southern Arizona, southern California and northwestern Mexico. Most jojoba oil is consumed as an ingredient in cosmetics and personal care products, especially skin care and hair care. It has exceptional moisturizing properties.
Is a citrus fruit native to China. It is known to supply the body with healthy phytochemcials including carotens, lutein, tannins and others. It is considered a good anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory. The peel of kumquat bears essential oils (e.g. limonene, pinene, α-bergamotene) which are responsible for the citrus flavor and aroma.